Make Unforgettable Memories at Gold Coast With Cheap Car Rentals

The pride of Australia and undoubtedly, Queensland’s most popular holiday destination, Gold Coast can be your pick this summer vacation because this is where you can relish a peaceful time with the hustle bustle of urban living at the same time. You can choose from its vast options available for accommodation, which include scenic resorts, motels, and hotels. You can even drive straight to your rented apartment using car rentals at Airport or choose a caravan or a camp. Whatever you choose, you are sure to have an out of the world experience in this exotic seaside town.

Gold Coast has a number of exquisite beaches that are spread over 70 km of expanse. That gives you plenty of choices. If you are here with family, Rainbow Bay is befitting for you because it is a place kids love. It has surfers, other families, swimming areas and interesting food. In fact all beaches here are carefully patrolled, have shade spots and numerous eateries. Gold Coast even boasts of having the best of surfing beaches in the world. Whether you are a beginner or an expert, there is something for everyone. However, if you are looking out for a private patch, then you can drive straight towards Northern coastline using Gold coast car rental and find solace from the noise of the crowd.

In case you want to have a stroll on a calm beach side, you do have serene suburb of main beach where you can hear the wave’s dash against the rocks, truly a unique experience. If you don’t enjoy the excitement of surfing on waves, It has some enchanting still water spots. Drive straight to Broadwater and inland rock pools using car hire in Gold Coast and explore these places, which offer you picture perfect time whether with friends or all alone. If you are lucky, you would occasionally, find exotic colourful birds fly past you. You can carry your food with you or set up a bar-be-que to feed yourself some delectable hot chicken or vegetable as per your choice.

The Gold Coast has a longer whale-watching season than any other bay because of its geographical location, seeing whales swim is, by all means, an exhilarating experience. It also has the most interesting theme parks and parklands where you can enjoy a green treat. Hit the road at night availing cheap car rentals in this city to choose from its vibrant clubs. Do all this and more because this sizzling spot in Australia will surprise you with its offerings.

First Travel Nurse Assignment – Frequently Asked Questions

Question: I decided to switch to be a travel nurse instead of permanent placement how do I decide where to go?
Congratulations! You have made the first step toward an exciting career of travel nursing. Choosing where you want to go will be one of the questions the travel nursing staffing agency will ask you. Since each travel nurse assignment is approximately 13 weeks long, you do not need to worry about planning where you want to go months in advance. However, there are several factors in deciding your first assignment as a travel nurse.

o Suppose you have a family member whom you haven’t seen in awhile, you could select a location near them so you can have time to visit and form a relationship. Additionally, you may know of a sick relative who needs assistance, so you can choose a destination from your nursing staffing agency nearby.
o Dreamed of visiting the Grand Canyon or the Rio Grande? Would you like to vacation in Hawaii or near Wine Country? Ask your travel nursing staffing agency about jobs near these destinations.
o Do you want to escape the summer heat? Ask about a travel nursing job in Minnesota or Oregon where the summers are beautiful and full of outdoor summer activities.
o Ask your travel nursing staffing agency recruiter about top destinations or ask other travel nurses where they like to travel and work.

Question: What kind of uniform will I need?
Uniforms are often provided to you. You will likely receive them upon your arrival. Each facility requires something different as far as work clothes or uniforms most of the time. It is, however, best to bring a couple pairs of comfortable shoes and an extra set of scrubs, in case your uniform is not ready the first day of your assignment or in rare occasions not provided to you. Also, keep receipts of all nurse uniforms as well as laundering expenses for tax purposes.

Question: What do I need to do before leaving on a travel nurse assignment?
If you know the exact date you will be leaving for your first travel nurse assignment, then it is a good idea to have your mail forwarded to your new housing address. You can give the post office start and stop dates for mail forwarding. It may take up to a week to get your mail at your new location, so make arrangements with any monthly bills you have to pay beforehand.

Inform your nursing staffing agency of your travel dates, so they can inform the employer when to expect you as well as how to reach you during transit. Also, tell your family and friends of your new assignment address, phone number, travel route and where to reach you in case of an emergency as well as the number of your nursing staffing agency. Carry a cell phone and car charger with you at all times; you may need to call someone during transit if you have an emergency.

Carry a folder to hold all your travel expenses, receipts, professional licenses, CEUs, uniform cost and cleaning, fuel for your car, airfare and lodging. Having an organized folder for keeping all these items will save you at tax time.

Finally, it is best to have enough money for meals, fuel, and incidentals for at least two weeks. If you have not set up a bank account at your new location or if you do not have direct deposit, your paychecks may be delayed and you’ll be without accessible funds.

Question: How do I find personal and repair services while working as a travel nurse?
Starting in a new location whether as a job transfer or a travel nurse can be daunting; however, knowing that you will be working with other professionals who are available to refer you to credible and affordable services.

Since travel nurses often have the option of staying in medical staffing housing, you won’t need to worry about home maintenance repairs. While you may need to find a beauty salon or barber, auto repair shop and affordable grocery stores, the same people you work with will be your greatest resource.

Other places to find information about local businesses can be found on Angie’s List and Yelp, which provide reviews and ratings by consumers. Almost every town also has a travel bureau or a chamber of commerce, which have plentiful of resources and recommendations for retail stores and services.

Question: As a travel nurse, do I have to accept an assignment right away after one ends?
No, you do not have to take another assignment right away. As a travel nurse you can take a break between assignments whether it is for one week, two weeks or more, and then choose your next assignment. Travel nursing is not only a great opportunity to explore new places and work assignments, but you also are able to plan your vacation between assignments.

A great recruiter will however follow up with you and talk about your plans before your assignment ends so there is a smooth transition if you want to take advantage of another assignment right away and the many bonuses and rewards that are often times offered for taking another assignment right away. The option is yours!

Question: This is my first travel nurse assignment, what if I have problems adjusting to work schedule or personnel? Whom do I contact?
Medical staffing agencies will be able to work with your needs and special requests regarding work assignments, travel costs and housing before your first assignment; this will help alleviate your first travel nurse assignment problems.

However, if you feel like the travel nurse assignment is not what you expected, you should talk to your head nurse or physician to solve any miscommunication or task responsibilities. Notify your staffing recruiter as well to make sure they know and help resolve issues so that others are in the know as well. You may also know of another nurse whom you can confide in about any concerns you have. It is best to talk to someone before issues interfere with your travel nurse assignment.

If you think of other questions before you leave for your first travel nurse assignment, call your nursing staffing agency because they will have an answer for you when you need it. Rely on their experience to guide you and keep your confidence levels high before during and after travel.

Get That Perfect Pair of Horse Boots to Enjoy a Smooth Ride!

People fond of riding horses very well understand the importance of good horse boots. A horse riding boot is footwear worn for the purpose of riding on horses. Classic riding boots have been used since ages immemorial and refer to those that rise as high as the knees to protect the legs from being pinched by the leathers of the saddle. These boots also have a well-built toe that protects the rider’s feet when on the ground, and are also combined with high heels prevent riders from slipping through the stirrup.

But again all boots are not the same. There are several different kinds of horse riding events or sports and there are different boots to go with it. Wearing the correct horse boots for a specific sport or style is an essential element for each horse rider. It has been seen all throughout history that most societies have used horses combined with special clothing and boots in order to make best user of the horses. There are different sorts of boot styles and a very famous one amongst those is paddock boots. These boots have always been associated with aristocracy and luxury and have been worn by very famous people. Paddock boots use laces on the front and a heel.

Though there are various sorts of riding boots; horse boots are mainly divided into two categories, namely English and Western. The English boots are made with soft leather that is of high quality. English boots consist of different styles like tall boots that come up to your knees and paddock boots that come just above the ankle and provide the lower leg with more flexibility. The long ones also come in different styles and look quite graceful.We also have Jodhpur boots that are worn with Jodhpur trousers that come down to the ankles.

The Western boots are also available as long and short types. They are normally made of leather with a solid heel and sometimes have a decorative pattern on the calf area. Western boots always will come up to your calf. These are usually made of cowhide but sometimes even materials like alligator or snakeskin are used. Perfect and suitable horse boots are very important both for the rider as well as the horse to avoid accidents and injuries.

Real Estate Agents Only – New Marketing Tool That Is Causing A Buzz In The Real Estate Industry

Every 10 to 20 years there will be some major advancement in technology that is a game changer. 20 years ago email was the craze with all of us flocking to our computers setting up email accounts and communicating with family, friends and business clients.

Today the same thing is happening again with Text Messaging. It’s been around and most people have heard of text messaging although they may not have actually texted.

Let me put the power of text messaging in perspective for you. We all can agree that in our life time the internet is without a doubt the greatest technological advancement any of us has seen. There are 2 billion computers worldwide…that is truly impressive. Now let me share this fact with you there are over 4 billion mobile phones worldwide that means there are more than twice as many phones as computers. Text Messaging is on the verge of becoming larger than the internet!

On these phones we send over 52,000 text messages a second and our phone has become an extension of our hand (literally). We sleep with our phone, we go to the bathroom with our phone and if we leave the house and forget our phone we’ll turn around and go get it!

Here is the power of text messaging 97% text messages are read, 83% within the first hour. For the real estate agent that mean instant communication can be attained with all your clients interested in a listing immediately.

Face it traditional advertising is not as effective as it once was. TV is expensive and consumers TiVo their favorite shows skipping commercials. Radio is difficult to track, Newspaper readership is down and newspapers are going out of business daily. Direct mail and hard copy print have extremely low response rates something like 1 to 2% and get this 60% of Yellow Page phone books are thrown away before the plastic cover is taken off.

With a mobile media product real estate agents can have a tool that allows them to communicate instantly with their customers and prospects on the item they carry with them 24/7…their mobile phone. For real estate agents – if you are not communicating via mobile, you are not communicating effectively with today’s consumers.

I hope this information has shown the power and benefits of having a mobile media marketing campaign implemented in your advertising model. Many agents across the country have benefited from this outstanding new technology.

The Benefits of E-Cigarettes and Where to Find Them

Considering the fact that many people try everything to quit smoking, it’s no wonder that smokeless cigarettes are becoming a popular method of addiction treatment. These revolutionary new devices actually mimic real cigarettes. However, they do not contain all of the harmful chemicals inside of them and they do not give off that tobacco odor that is so known to cling to fabrics and hair. Those who choose to Buy Smokeless Cigarettes will definitely benefit from taking a more Uncategorized approach to quitting as opposed to using harsh patches and pills.

When you Buy Smokeless Cigarettes and fill them up with the designated E-Juice, you can literally smoke your cigarette anywhere. That’s because it does not give off any odors, so you won’t have to worry about people complaining about the smell. The electronic cigarette only gives off a steam vapor, which looks like real smoke without any of the harmful side effects. You will even be able to Buy Smokeless Cigarettes and use them while shopping at the mall or going out to eat in a restaurant. It truly is a fantastic way of kicking the habit while also enabling you to still feel like you are a smoker, despite lacking all of the health problems.

Once you Buy Electronic Cigarettes you will need to fill the device with E-Juice. This E-Juice is what aids in your quitting. Despite the fact that the e-cigarette looks and feels like the real thing, it also tastes like the real thing with the specially formulated E-Juice that is added to it. There are many different flavors of E-Juice that are all tempting in their own nature and you can choose whichever flavor you would like in order to get that same euphoric feeling that you are so used to when you use electric cigarettes.

E Cigs come in a variety of different starter kits that will get you going on the path of being a nonsmoker. What’s more, when you Buy Smokeless Cigarettes you will also be able to look for e-liquid and refill cartridges for them. The best way to kick the habit is to still feel like you are doing it on a regular basis, and that is why smoke-free cigarettes are so popular worldwide. Choosing to Buy Smokeless Cigarettes will enable you to begin living your life healthier and it will also protect the health of people who happen to be around you on a regular basis who may have been affected by the second hand smoke. E Cigarettes open up new possibilities within your life.

If you’ve tried everything imaginable to quit smoking or you know someone who has you may want to buy some smokeless cigarettes. Many consumer reports show e-cigarettes fill a gap where other products fail. Dr’s are recommending them to clients more than ever and people are quitting easier than before. E-cigarette510.com is also filling a gap where consumers can safely buy smokeless cigarettes without fear of being over charged or have bait and switch tactics used like so many other websites.

Home ElectronicsCigarette (cigarrillo electronico) Automated Protection You Need To Know

Electronic cigarette(cigarette electronique) is a safe thing to consider when the(sigaretta elettronica). Electronic cigarettes(cigarros electronicos) are a new and unknown computer, that should be reviewed and understand the use of the (elektronisk cigaret) for personal use. Security (cigarrillos electronicos) to be taken seriously and understood the use of the(elektronischen zigaretten).

Safety begins with the spray electronic cigarette(cigarrillo electronico). The spray is the small part that screws into the pile of electronic cigarettes(sigaretta elettronica) and connect the spray cartridge (elektroniske cigaretter). This sprayer is heated to convert the liquid nicotine cartridge into the water vapor that is inhaled. The electronic cigarette is safe in the knowledge that this warming and can be hot. Never drag a permanent or inhaling the, because this will make(cigarros electronicos) spray to keep warm and eventually melt the toner. You must be a burden when you feel the urge to smoke. The use of the is moderately good security and cartridges will actually last longer.

Another important safety does not hinder the too hard. When you take a drag of your, you should take a slow, deep pull in about 3-5 seconds. If you pull too hard on the cartridge, you can potentially suck some of the nicotine in the mouth. If this happens, the security of(cigarro) correct too quickly, rinse your mouth with water.

Cartridges are available in a wide variety of tastes and strengths of nicotine. For regular, menthol, also the apple and strawberry flavor cartridges and nicotine strengths come in full, a medium, light, and no. While(elektroniskas cigaretes) are technically “alternative to smoking”,rather than smoking cessation device, the range of nicotine strengths offers clear opportunities to support those trying to quit smoking, and seems to be proving to be popular in these markets.

The nice thing about that you say, nicotine patches, that give the same tactile sensation and oral fixation that the desire of smokers, while satisfying the desires of snuff as well. When you take a drag n really feel your lungs fill with smoke flavored snuff warm and the waves of smoke exhaled from your lungs as the regular snuff, however, as mentioned, the smoke is actually a lot more water vapor that evaporates quickly heals and not offend anyone in the vicinity.

Car Rental Deals – Why People Like Car Rental Deals

I know that you can relate when I say that I love to get a good deal on something. It shouldn’t take a lot of explaining why car rental deals are some of the most important things that you can partake in when shopping for a rental car. Some people will go to great lengths to find the best car rental deals that they can while others will be more willing to pay the advertised normal price. But did you know that you can just type in the name of the company you are looking for followed by the word coupon and you can find a better price. That is just one of the ways that you can get easy and cheap car rental deals.

There are many other techniques that one can use to get good car rental deals, one little known fact is just ask the company what deals they are offering at the time. A lot of agencies will have a special if you are willing to rent the car for a week, or if you are only going to have it for the weekend. Prices can vary and change depending upon the holiday season or during peak times in the summer, one can really never know how much it is going to cost to rent a car but you can also try to get the best car rental deals.

Don’t get discouraged when one company offers you a high price for a car, there are always more options than you could believe when you look for that perfect rental car for you. You also have to make a choice between two different options, let’s say for example you are on a very tight budget and you just want get the cheapest car possible than you may want to rent an economy style car and try to get the best possible deal on it, but on the other hand you also have the option of getting car rental deals in another way. You could go to an agency and request for a luxury vehicle at the price of a budget or hybrid style vehicle. You would be surprised at how many companies or agencies would be willing to make this switch simply if you ask. They may be having a special and would never have told you about it if you didn’t ask, who would have guessed?

Regardless of what deals or techniques you go after everyone and their moms love good deals so don’t let yourself charge full price for anything that you can get at a discount! I know you would rather have a luxury car instead of a budget car and drive in style, or maybe you just want to get a budget style car even cheaper than they say it is. The most important thing to learn is don’t be afraid to ask, there are many options out there when dealing with rental car deals!

The Strategic Use of Information Technology

TEACHER: Hello, Student. What do you know about Information Technology (IT)?

STUDENT: Well, I know that most software is full of “bugs”! By the way, why are these errors in programs called “bugs”?

TEACHER: Computer “bugs” have been around since malfunctions in a 1945 Mark II were blamed (facetiously) on a moth trapped in a relay. Nowadays the term refers to programming flaws -commands that don’t accomplish the desired result. But I am sure you must know more about IT than the fact that programs have bugs!

STUDENT: Recently I read an interesting article written by John Diebold years ago. Allow me to quote from it:

“Information technology . . . is becoming increasingly the key to national economic well being, affecting virtually every industry and service. One would be hard-pressed to name a business that does not depend on the effective use of information: to design products and services, to track and respond to market demands, or to make well-informed decisions. Information technology will change the world more permanently and more profoundly than any technology so far seen in the history and will bring about a transformation of civilization to match.”

TEACHER: Interesting. There is no doubt that information technology is currently a major force with the potential to affect a range of organizations in fundamental ways.

The impact of information technology on business operations has been enormous and will increase substantially.

There is no doubt that a shift from an industrial economy to an information oriented service economy is under way; and no one knows when the process will slow down.

In essence, scale and the conventional dimensions of time, space, and mass will no longer be constraints on the products of the information age. Unlike the standardized product created for the mass market of the industrial age, the electronic delivery of banking services, for example, is scale-independent and intangible, provides instantaneous service, and is not bound by the physical location of the bank.

STUDENT: AmbaiU’s online courses are a good example! Students from all over the world can instantly access the courseware. The dramatic growth of the Internet’s WWW service has Uncategorizedly been an important factor in the growth of IT in general.

TEACHER: True indeed. Environmental trends like globalization and heightened international competition are speeding the movement toward increased IT use by corporations. The exigencies of worldwide coordination of operations and the need to react rapidly to global competitive threats have emphasized the importance of IT in the current business context. Dramatic technological developments in hardware, software, databases, and telecommunications have simultaneously pushed the utilization of IT further along.

STUDENT: So, is the sky the limit for IT?

TEACHER: Not exactly. At the same time, several factors are militating against the rapid deployment of IT. Among these are the still-slow development of appropriate software, long-standing difficulties in quantifying IT benefits (for justifying IT investment), issues of database integration, and the lack of standards (for the purposes of inter-organizational connectivity).

STUDENT: I also think that there was “over-investment” in IT in the last decade of the 20th. century and even at the beginning of the 21st. And what about IT and Strategic Management?

TEACHER. True, we are primarily concerned with the likely impact of information technologies on the practice of strategic management. The reason for adopting such a perspective reflects a fundamental belief that information technologies can potentially influence the core of a firms activities: Choices pertaining to products, markets, and technologies (the corporate strategy level), as well as competitive methods within each of the product-market segments (the business strategy level).

STUDENT: I assume this is why the role of information technology is becoming broader than that of the traditional Information Systems (IS) function, and is becoming a general management concern and challenge.

TEACHER: Good observation. We will consider three linkages that interconnect three important concepts -strategic management (SM), information technology (IT), and the management information systems (IS) function.

* Link 1: Management Information Systems with Information Technology

According to the traditional view, IS is a service function (just as accounting, human resources, or industrial relations) which is charged with the task of efficient data processing and administration of the management reporting and control systems. According to such views, systems are designed to cater to the informational requirements of different managerial roles and are identified using standard informational requirements assessment methodologies. In consequence, systems are evaluated using criteria such as timeliness, format quality, and reliability, reflecting the technical capability of the system. The implication is that the role of IT was conceived largely as the technical core of the MIS function.

Consequently, the important characteristics of this linkage were hardware and software support for the information architecture, and flexibility of design to support minor modifications in the information requirements or to respond to the fast-changing technical core of the system’s hardware.

The strategic planning level, by virtue of its unstructured nature of decision making, received minimal support from the traditional conceptualizations and role definitions of IS.

Link 2: Strategic Management with Information Systems

The description of Link 1 reflects a view that the charter of the IS function was derived directly from the informational resource assessment and had no explicit linkages with strategic choices at the corporate and business levels. This view was representative of the actual situation until the late 1960s and early 1970s, when the need to tailor the design of MIS to the requirements of the organizational strategic context gained currency. In 1968, McKinsey & Co. published a report titled Unlocking the Computer’s Profit Potential that called for a formal link between the design and implementation of MIS and the firms strategies and objectives. This publication urged managers to visualize the role of computers in business organizations as something beyond a data processing resource at the operational level of the organization and more as a mechanism that supports their strategy.

STUDENT: Even before that McKinsey report, William King proposed that the “IS-strategy set (composed of IS objectives, IS constraints, and IS design strategies) should be derived from the “organization’s strategy set” (composed of organizational mission, objectives, and strategies).

TEACHER: You are a well read student, indeed!

STUDENT: You might remember that I come from an “IT family.” And I keep hearing a complaint from my IT relatives: while there is concern within the MIS discipline to ensure that MIS is designed in accordance with the strategic contexts of the firm, the link in the other direction, from the corporate strategic context to MIS, is still largely ignored.

TEACHER: True, but this is changing rapidly. Also, several authors have called attention to the possibility of exploiting information and information systems for strategic advantages. As William King noted in an editorial comment in the Management Information Systems Quarterly,— Information (and IS) has the potential to be a primary source of (competitive) advantage in the marketplace rather than merely as a resource to be efficiently managed or a service that is periodically turned on and off as needed.

STUDENT: Can we then assume that many see the link between strategic management and IS today as a bi-directional, mutually interconnected link, implying a strategic role for the IS function?

TEACHER: Certainly, and it was about time. In a transition towar
d a strategic role, the goals and tasks of the management information systems function undergo an important transformation. The systems are no longer viewed in terms of informational support for operational decisions, but rather in terms of the realization of the organization’s strategic objectives, especially the achievement of competitive superiority in the marketplace.

Information systems with a charter to achieve competitive superiority are called “strategic information systems” and differentiated from the more operationally focused MIS. Indeed, MIS has been traditionally concerned with the operational control systems for relatively structured decisions based on readily available, internal data. In contrast, strategic information systems are designed to support relatively unstructured decisions, especially those that are intricately tied to the activities of the market-place.

STUDENT: I hear that usually such decisions require a combination of internal and external data that: are neither well structured nor completely specified.

TEACHER: Exactly. Although a perfect demarcation between management information systems and strategic information systems cannot always be made, the conceptual distinction is important enough to be recognized just as the conceptual distinction between strategic and operational decisions.

Let me mention some examples of strategic information systems operating at real companies:

American Airlines : SABRE reservation System -installed in most travel agents for booking airline, hotel, and rental car reservations.

American Hospital Supply Co.: ASAP-order entry system-installed in over 4500 medical establishments to order supplies on-line. The system is internally interconnected to several supporting systems

Citicorp Extensive use of automated teller machines and global transaction network. Several systems that support their strategies for electronic banking services.

McKesson Corp. Economost -order entry system that supports customers with inventory control and analysis of sales.

United Airlines APOLLO-Travel agency reservation system with several augmented services installed in about 7700 agencies.

Student, can you think of specific strategic objectives any of these companies have achieved through IS?

STUDENT: Well, I am sure that SABRE provides American Airlines with critical operating data that can be used for strategic decisions; travel agents hooked on to SABRE are likely to book on American more than other airlines.

TEACHER: Yes, some much so that the US government has stepped in and put some limit’s on SABRE’s propensity to favor AA!

Strategic information systems achieve their objectives through several mechanisms, but two deserve special attention. These are: (1) the reconfiguration of the information flows within an organization to provide competitive advantages relative to competition, and/or (2) development of inter-organizational systems that extend beyond the traditional boundaries of a single focal organization.

STUDENT: Are these modes are mutually exclusive?

TEACHER: No, but we will discuss them independently.

Reconfiguration of Information Flows

Let us consider the case of an airline that uses timely data to increase its load factor -perhaps the single most critical factor for achieving success in the airline industry. By developing a strategic information system designed not only to continually collect data on flight bookings, but also to compare current sales against historical patterns, the airline can instruct its own ticketing agents (as well as travel agents) to modify the number of discount seats available on a particular flight depending on the current level of advance bookings.

STUDENT: By the same token, I guess that similar benefits can accrue to a hotel, where a key determinant of competitive performance is the occupancy ratio.

TEACHER: Correct. And the basic notion of timeliness of information can be extended from the context of the service sector to the manufacturing sector. Consider the case of an oil company which is able to communicate with its dealers directly and instantaneously as oil prices change to ensure minimum delay between the setting of prices in the headquarters and its realization at retail outlets.

STUDENT: But in these illustrations IT does not influence the fundamental strategic business choices.

TEACHER. Correct. However, the implementation of such decisions through organizational hierarchy and channels is facilitated through the use of IT, leading to improved strategic results.

Inter-organizational Systems Inter-organizational IT applications highlight the potential to achieve competitive success that extends beyond intra-organizational informational flows to the deploying and exploiting of information-based links with diverse actors in the marketplace.

STUDENT: Your are using rather complicated phrases today! In simple terms, what you mean is that an inter-organizational strategic information system is a system that extends beyond the boundaries of a single focal organization to link multiple organizations.

TEACHER: Glad to see that you understood! The potential todevelop such links (and the consequent benefits to achieve competitive advantage) is perhaps the single most important reason for the, increased attention to informational systems from a strategic management point of view.

The railroad industry, which has one of the highest levels of “penetration” of electronic data interchange (EDI) among all industries, displays several levels of inter-organizational systems use. And relatively new industries such as couriers (FedEx, UPS, etc.) are good examples too.

Let me also mention the McKesson Drug Company. The case of McKesson is frequently quoted as one of the most successful examples of business transformation using information technology capabilities. McKesson is a US national pharmaceutical distributor that receives close to 100 percent of its orders electronically from drugstores through its Economost systems. A customer orders by making a single pass through the store with a hand-held order entry device, keying in a product identifier or using a bar code scanner. Reorder quantities are indicated on shelf tags. When the complete order has been entered, it is transmitted to the data processing service.

McKesson clearly achieved operational efficiency benefits to improve its profitability. Although the company apparently did not gain share relative to its major distributor competition, it achieved significant strategic benefits in sales and market share gains relative to its larger competition. The system also achieved “increased tying of the customer to McKesson” which is a substantial strategic advantage. Moreover, McKesson offers a number of other services based on the data it obtains from the order entry system.

The company also provides other firms in the health care business with specialized strategic systems. The following announcement is a good example:

In May 2003, McKesson Corporation announced that LibertyHealth in Jersey City, N.J., signed an eight-year, $47 million agreement for products and services designed to transform the use of clinical information to support patient care in its three-hospital system. LibertyHealth contracted for McKesson’s Horizon Clinicals(TM) suite (of programs) to enhance patient safety, reduce medication errors and increase patient referrals by providing physicians and other caregivers with better access to information.

“We have a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to reinvent the use of IT to support patient care and enhance quality as we open our new hospital,” said Dr. Jonathan Metsch, LibertyHealth’s president and chief executive officer. “To create the best environment of care, it’s a given that we must provide the latest medical equipment. But, just as importantly, we must provide the most advanced clinical IT solutions to support our 900 doctors and nurses as they provide healthcare for this community of 600,000 people. That’s why we’ve
partnered with McKesson — we get superb, advanced clinical applications.”

Link 3: Strategic Management with Information Technology

Over the last years, several new and powerful forces in the technological and market environment compel one to recognize the link between strategic management and information technology in terms of the fundamental role played by IT in influencing the formulation of a firm’s strategy rather than merely supporting its implementation.

The potential for innovative modes of competing as well as new products and services made possible through IT provides managers with an entirely different spectrum of opportunities and threats. Given the general explosion of computing power and communications capabilities (integrated voice and data, the Internet), several new business applications can be (and have been) developed in those areas that directly enhance efficiency and effectiveness in the market-place.

Example: Merrill Lynch Merrill Lynch’s strategy demonstrates the potential offered by information technologies to develop superior substitute products (or services) as well as altering the definition and domain of business operations. The introduction of Cash Management Account (CMA) by Merrill Lynch represented a revolution in terms of redefining the concept of financial services in a marketplace that was dominated by the traditional banking institutions. The new business concept was built around integrating diverse financial instruments under one common umbrella such that the individual investor is able to enjoy the convenience of moving money across them as well as benefit from the “float” that the banks traditionally enjoyed. This account permitted the integration of four basic services to investors: (1) automatic investment of cash and dividends in a money market account, (2) credit through a standard margin account, (3) cash withdrawal by check or debit card, and (4) investment advice in managing and diversifying the account.

The strategy could not be implemented without the use of information technology, for it requires daily swaps across different accounts to post the credit card charges, checks, securities, and deposits, as well as to develop a daily updated credit limit for each account holder. This complex data processing operation is not incidental to the business concept but is fundamental to its conceptualization and operation. The importance of IT in this strategy is perhaps best emphasized by the fact that Merrill Lynch obtained a patent for the cash management account system. The annual fees generated by this product for Merrill Lynch were quite substantial.

Although several variations (circurnventing the patent protection) of this basic concept have appeared in recent years, none has so far matched the success of Merrill Lynch’s product.

Other firms which have utilized IT to break down traditional industry borders in the services sector include Sears, now an integrated financial services provider; Citicorp, now an investment and realty firm as well as a bank; and American Express, always strong in the travel business, now making a play in international banking, insurance, and securities, in addition, to becoming a financial and information supermarket. Indeed, the entire industry is being transformed due to parallel but related forces: deregulation and technology.

Which Is More Cost-Effective, Cabs or Car Rentals?

Rent it or cab it?

People like the freedom of having their own vehicle to drive about in, at home or when they travel, and the tendency is to book a rental car when you are away. But freedom comes with a price and it depends where your travel destination is as to whether you’re best to rent a car or take a taxi.

Cheap ground transportation depends upon location, accessibility and extraneous expense factors, like gasoline costs and parking fees. Add to that the potential complexity of finding your way around a strange city, especially a large one, and you might change your mind about what freedom means.

A trip to, for example, New York City or Montreal, two North American cities with decent public transit systems, plenty of cabs, walkable areas in their cores, and very high parking fees, and you’ll realize that a taxi will almost inevitably surface as the cheapest mode of getting around.

But what if you want a day trip to the Laurentian Mountains or the antiques stores of Hudson? That’s the day to rent a car, or to find out if there is a luxury coach service to those destinations that returns the same day.

Car rentals are convenient, to be sure, but the costs add up quickly (don’t forget insurance and occasional peak-season added fees), unless your airline points cover all or most of the cost; even then, in large cities gasoline and parking is very costly, and that is not usually included in credit card or airline rewards perquisites.

When does a rental car make sense? If you live in North America (and can’t drive across the Atlantic Ocean!) and are vacationing in Italy, for example, landing in Rome and taking a motorcar tour of Tuscany and other regions from there, your only other viable option is the train. Like anywhere else, gasoline in Europe is expensive, but you can’t take a full driving holiday in a taxi. But don’t forget, there are guided tours and some taxi drivers will gladly spend a day with you, exploring San Gimignano; they are often the best tour guides, full of information about their homeland. And driving in other countries can be a harrowing experience, especially if it involves driving on the opposite side of the road than you are accustomed to!

Plan your itinerary, do an accurate cost comparison and decide whether a taxi or car rental, or combination of the two, is the cheapest way to get around when you reach your destination. And don’t forget to ensure that your driver’s license is current, and if you need to, get an international license before you set off for your trip. Happy motoring!

Same Day Cash Loans Make Life Much Simpler For Any Individual

Instant funds whenever you need it, sounds too good to be true? Do you wish life was as simple as this and you could get access to ready cash, whenever you were in a financial crisis? Well, your wish has been granted because same day cash loans are just what you need when you are in a financial crisis. Many a times, we face a cash shortage in between two consecutive paydays when our next salary cheque is still far off. The most convenient solution might be to ask our family or friends for a short term loan; however, that is not the most feasible. It is not the best solution to expose your financial status to all and sundry especially when you are in a financial tight spot. Also, opting for the traditional loans can be a time consuming process as it usually involves a tremendous amount of paperwork for the verification and loan approval. When you require cash to meet any urgent expenditure then time is of crucial importance and hence instant cash loans are the most suitable option for you.

Same day cash loans are convenient for the borrower in every way, beginning right from the loan application till the cash transfer to the borrower’s account. Many online websites provide the facility to get all information on the same day cash loans and apply through a simple online application form. The individual needs to fill in the basic, personal details and the executive from the lending company will get back to them promptly to verify the reason for loan requirement and other details. Once the approval has been granted, the loan is transferred to an account provided by the borrower, on the same day itself. Hence, this is the fastest way to get money when you need it for any urgent purpose or emergency expenditure.

The same day cash loans can be of any amount that you desire and are usually provided for a few weeks, so the burden of debt does not need to be on your shoulders for long. The repayment terms are also easy and flexible, as the borrower simply needs to provide a post dated cheque to the lending agent at the time of loan approval and the cheque amount will get transferred from the borrower’s account on the day that his next salary is credited. This arrangement makes it convenient for the borrower and less risky for the lender, as well.

Life usually comes to a standstill when you are running short of cash in between paydays as urgent payments cannot be made like that for a car repair or for any medical emergency. However, this scenario can be avoided with same day cash loans which have the provision for carrying out instant cash transactions to meet any urgent needs of the borrower. Like they say that money is not everything, but when we are facing financial crunch, then money definitely becomes one of the most important things so such instant loans come in handy at these times.